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“A PI4P-driven electrostatic field controls cell membrane identity and signaling in plants”

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Thursday 14 April 2016, 11:00 - 12:30

 
ABSTRACT

Many signaling proteins permanently or transiently localize to specific organelles for function. It is well established that certain lipids act as biochemical landmarks to specify compartment identity. However, they also influence membrane biophysical properties, which emerge as important features in specifying cellular territories. Such parameters include the membrane inner surface potential, which varies according to the lipid composition of each organelle. Here, we found that the plant plasma membrane (PM) and the cell plate of dividing cells have a unique electrostatic signature controlled by phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P). Our results further reveal that, contrarily to other eukaryotes, PI4P massively accumulates at the PM, establishing it as a critical hallmark of this membrane in plants. Membrane surface charges control the PM localization and function of the polar auxin transport regulator PINOID, as well as proteins from the BRI1 KINASE INHIBITOR1 (BKI1)/MEMBRANE ASSOCIATED KINASE REGULATORs (MAKRs) family, which are involved in brassinosteroid and receptor-like kinase signaling. We anticipate that this PI4P-driven physical membrane property will control the localization and function of many proteins involved in development, reproduction, immunity and nutrition.

Location Jozef Schell seminar room
Contact Dr Yvon Jaillais
ENS Lyon
RDP Laboratory
LYON Cedex
FRANCE