The stability of signaling proteins in eukaryotes is often controlled by post-translational modifiers. In polyubiquitination, specificity is assured by E3 ubiquitin ligases. Although plant genomes encode hundreds of E3 ligases, only few targets are known, even in the model Arabidopsis thaliana Here, we identified the monothiol glutaredoxin GRXS17 as a substrate of the Arabidopsis E3 ubiquitin ligases RING DOMAIN LIGASE 3 (RGLG3) and RGLG4 using a substrate trapping approach involving tandem affinity purification of RING-dead versions. Simultaneously, we used a UBC panel screen to pinpoint UBC30 as a cognate E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme capable of interacting with RGLG3 and RGLG4 and mediating auto-ubiquitination of RGLG3 and ubiquitination of GRXS17 in vitro Accordingly, GRXS17 is ubiquitinated and degraded in an RGLG3- and RGLG4-dependent manner in planta The truncated hemoglobin GLB3 also interacted with RGLG3 and RGLG4 but appeared to obstruct RGLG3 ubiquitination activity rather than being its substrate. Our results suggest that the RGLG family is intimately linked to the essential element iron.